A synthesis of ethnomusicological knowledge and the exploratory research on ethnomusicology in western provinces of Thailand

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Francis Nuntasukon

Abstract

The purposes of this research paper are to present five aspects of the research results. First, after Kanchanaburi, Phetchaburi, Ratchaburi, Nakhon Pathom, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram, Suphanburi and Prachuap Khiri Khan were selected due to their ethnographic music, the exploratory research were conducted and found that, from 1998 to 2019, the number of studies on related issues is 36. Second, there are five aspects of variables in all explored research studies and they showed a significant positive correlation in the amount of research content. The five important variables for the basic characteristics in the research areas are (1) the dummy variable of Kanchanaburi Province, (2) the number of variable of recorded songs, (3) the number of variable of musicnotation, (4) the total number of variable of research citations, and (5) the number of illustrations. Third, based upon the characterization of anthropological music, the database and the location mapping were created from preliminary survey of 281 sub-districts in the 8 provinces. This database composed of 99 ethnic groups, 31 Tai-Song groups, 25 Karen groups, 17 Mon groups, 10 Lao-Wiang groups, 7 Lao-Khrang groups, 7 Tai-Yuan groups, 1 Tai-Phuan group, and 1 Lawa group. Fourth, to comprehend the knowledge of performing arts collected from various ethnic groups, the results showed that each community used music to reflect their ethnic identity. The lyrics of the music of these peoples concern their history about “diaspora”. Finally, the current research suggests that three areas of research which need to be further conducted are (1) an in-depth survey study of the remaining 67 provinces, (2) the status of current ethnomusicology concerning Tai-Phuan, Lao-Khrang, Southern-Lao ethnic people, and (3) the study of ethnic music in Samut Songkhram Province. These potential relevant research issues will help stimulate the public’s interest, disseminate, transmit and restore ethnic music.

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บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)

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