The development of a science learning management model for students in the highlands of the northern region

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Uraiwan Hanwong


The objectives of this study are as follows: 1. to study the conditions, problems, and context of science learning management for students in the northern highlands students; 2. to develop a science learning management model using the scientific inquiry concept and the spatial identity to promote scientific process skills and communicative competency for students in the northern highlands; 3. to study the model application’s results; and 4. to evaluate the model development through research and development. The sample group consisted of 48 elementary students from grades four to six of Ban U Tum School. The research instruments included a document analysis form, a questionnaire, an assessment form, an interview form, a record form, a learning management model manual, and an observation form. The data was analyzed by mean and standard deviation. The results revealed that 1. the highland students were ethnic groups who communicated daily in their own dialect and used central Thai as a second language. Most of the teachers were outsiders who had less than five years of teaching experience and communicated in the central Thai language. The science learning management approaches should mainly integrate students’ life experiences, their environment as well as their social contexts to design essential and beneficial learning management in daily life, 2. the learning management model consisted of six components: 1) principles, concepts and theories, 2) objectives of the model, 3) content, 4) learning management process, 5) roles of students and teachers, and 6) contributing factors. Moreover, there were five steps of learning management process: 1) participation in questions 2) collecting evidence 3) explaining what was studied 4) connecting what was studied to what others studied 5) communicating and justifying the research appropriately, 3. the result of using the model revealed that the students had a high level of scientific process skills and a good level of communicative competency, and 4. the evaluation results of the model development were at a good level.


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