The effect of comparing yoga exercise programs and Tai Chi exercise programs on posture among the elderly

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Anasaya Jitart
Theeranan Tanphanich
Niromlee Makaje
Amnauy Tanphanich


This study aimed to investigate and compare the effects of the yoga exercise program and the Tai Chi exercise program on balance in the elderly. The population was the elderly in Kamphaeng Saen Subdistrict, Kamphaeng Saen District, Nakhon Pathom Province, aged over 60 years, consisting of 198 males and 236 females. The research sample groups (purposive sampling) of 30 elderly people were divided into two experimental groups, each with 15 participants. These two groups underwent an 8-week training program, with three sessions per week and each session lasted two hours. The research instruments consisted of 1) the yoga exercise program, 2) the Tai Chi exercise program, reviewed by five experts. Both programs were of high quality with a content validity of 0.95, and 3) the postural stability test using Biodex Balance Testing Machine (BioSway model). The data were analyzed to examine means, standard deviations, dependent t-tests, and independent t-tests. The research findings are as follows: 1) Before and after the 8-week training period, both yoga exercise programs and Tai Chi exercise programs significantly improved the posture of elderly participants in terms of both stationary and dynamic balance, with statistical significance at the 0.05 level, within experimental Group 1 and experimental Group 2. 2) A comparison between the effects of the yoga exercise program and the Tai Chi exercise program after eight weeks of training in the first and second experimental groups showed no significant difference. Based on the research findings, it can be recommended that both yoga exercise programs and Tai Chi exercise programs can be employed to enhance the physical balance of the elderly. These programs can foster confidence and physical abilities, which may contribute to preventing falls in the elderly.


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บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)


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