Developing Supplementary Materials—Flash Cards in Promoting Learner Autonomy of Primary Students in the Context of a Border Patrol Police School

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Darinthorn Inthapthim


This research aims to experiment supplementary materials—flash cards in promoting learner autonomy of Grade 4 students at Betty Dumen Border Patrol Police School and to investigate both teacher’s and students’ opinions on the flash cards. The English teacher of Grade 4 and her 12 students participated in this research. The research instruments were 1) pretest and posttest 2) self-report of teachers’ and students’ opinions on the flash cards. The data were analyzed through t-test and content analysis. The results showed that the students’ posttest scores were significantly higher than pretest scores. The teachers’ and students’ opinions on the mentioned teaching materials were positive. This research also highlighted that these flash cards could also promote learner autonomy among these primary students.


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