Effects of Physical Activity Promotion Program for Preschoolers 2-5 year of age on Physical Fitness, Emotional, Social and Cognitive Development Contributing to PA Literacy

  • Atchareeya Kasiyaphat Faculty of Health Science Technology, The HRH Princess Chulabhorn College of Medical Science, Chulabhorn Royal Academy
  • Pimthong Sangsutthipong Faculty of Education, Chiang Mai Rajabhat University
  • Paweena Kosito Faculty of Education, Chiang Mai Rajabhat University
  • Parinya Sumranbumrung Faculty of Education, Chiang Mai Rajabhat University
  • Pongsatorn Sritubtim Faculty of Education, Chiang Mai Rajabhat University
  • Kovit Jomkum Faculty of Education, Chiang Mai Rajabhat University
  • Kanong Thamachanta Faculty of Education, Chiang Mai Rajabhat University
Keywords: Physical activity, Preschoolers, PA literacy

Abstract

     The purposes of this research were 1) to study and compared the effects of physical activity promotion program on physical fitness, emotional, social, and cognitive development contributing to PA Literacy for preschoolers (2-5 year of age) and 2) to develop school administrators and teachers in physical activity program for preschoolers. The samples were recruited from 41 schools located in urban and rural areas in the North of Thailand. In this program, the preschoolers (n=2,635) participated in physical activities for 16 weeks. They performed 40-minute daily physical activities for five days a week. The pretest and the posttest on physical fitness, emotional, social, and cognitive development of preschoolers were administered. In addition, the pretest and the posttest on physical activity knowledge of schools’ administrators (n=41) and teachers (n=127) were administered. Mean differences of pretest and posttest were analyzed by t-test .
      The results revealed that after completing physical activity promotion program, preschool boys and girls improved significantly in physical fitness (p<.01) as well as in emotional, social, and cognitive development (p<.01). In addition, preschool administrators and teachers’ physical activity knowledge improved significantly (p<.01).  In conclusion, the physical activity promotion program for preschoolers (2-5 year of age) could be embedded in instructional management effectively, resulting in improvement in physical fitness, emotional, social, and cognitive development. In addition, this program could promote preschool teachers’ physical activity knowledge for preschoolers. As a result, preschool teachers could utilize this knowledge to promote physical activities for students.

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Published
2020-10-09
How to Cite
Kasiyaphat, A., Sangsutthipong, P., Kosito, P., Sumranbumrung, P., Sritubtim, P., Jomkum, K., & Thamachanta, K. (2020). Effects of Physical Activity Promotion Program for Preschoolers 2-5 year of age on Physical Fitness, Emotional, Social and Cognitive Development Contributing to PA Literacy . Rajabhat Chiang Mai Research Journal, 21(3), 49-67. https://doi.org/10.14456/rcmrj.2020.30
Section
บทความวิจัย (RESEARCH ARTICLE)