The Politics of Water Policy Making Process in Indonesia: Comparative Case Studies of Kuta and Sanur, Bali


  • Tanaporn Nithiprit Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University



Water resource management, Deliberative democracy, Community Participation


This research aimed to investigate the conflicts over water resources in the Kuta and Sanur area in Bali, Indonesia. After administrative decentralization, local governments are required to become more self-reliant and generate income by themselves. Such income may be overly concerned with the interests of the government, so it affects both the community and the stakeholders. The objectives of this thesis were divided into 3 items, namely:  1) To study the evolution of water resource allocation in local areas of Indonesia, 2) To analyze the influence of actors involved in the allocation of water resources, and 3) To analyze the model of the deliberative democracy process used to correct the allocation of water resources in local areas of Indonesia. This research is based on the hypothesis of institutional design in the management of water resources, including Community Opinion Process. Stakeholder groups, involved in a deliberative democracy or relationship building of a horizontal nature which was more potent than a vertical nature, were more likely to reduce conflicts in the allocation of water resources in the area.

The results indicated that in the context of the Kuta and Sanur area in Bali, Indonesia, despite the initial inequality, the interests of the villagers in areas where water resources were severely scarce were continually considered in the negotiating forum to find a solution together. Thus, the hypothesis that the elements leading to equitable allocation of water resources and enabling the local population of Kuta and Sanur in Bali, Indonesia to have equal access to water without water scarcity would include: The first feature was that the local government listens to the opinions of the community and the second feature was the process of resolving conflicts characterized by deliberative democracy. The first and the second features were evident from the establishment of Water Management Committees (WMCs). The third feature was the cooperation of the business group in formulating water resource management policies that can be seen from the cooperation model on groundwater protection, which was cooperation between regional and local authorities.


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How to Cite

Nithiprit , T. (2022). The Politics of Water Policy Making Process in Indonesia: Comparative Case Studies of Kuta and Sanur, Bali. Community and Social Development Journal, 23(1), 176–197.



บทความวิจัย (RESEARCH ARTICLE)