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Management research as a particular variety of social scientific research always faces continuous and fierce challenge and criticism. What is management research for? What can it do? What should it do? These three ontological and epistemological questions have always been considered as the core and fundamental argument in the field of management study. Through systematically discussing and analysing the various ontological and epistemological positions which formed the base of contemporary management research, this paper is to reflect that no matter what ontological and epistemological perspectives the research stands for, they are just the version of controversies and only represent the point of view of one school or several groups of academics but not final, determinative and absolute truth. Any truth is continually developed and revised. Management research as the centre of social research should hold an open and flexible tenet to accept and encourage the development of various ideas rather than merely blindly worship a dominant doctrine.
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