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Paul Picker's The Welfare State Theory clarify the origin and existence of the Welfare State from the perspective of homogenization of criteria. This makes it possible to use this theory to explain the welfare state in general. The factors which are the basis of Paul Spicker's general theory include social relations, interdependence, social group, altruism, mutual assistance, and moral norms. Social welfare is a collective action and it is the social obligation of members to provide welfare according to different roles and social statuses. The State will act as the last render resource to provide social welfare when somebody cannot perform their obligations, or it is a general obligation that no one is responsible.
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