The Effect of Developing a Learning Model for Programming Using Collaborative Pair Programming Techniques

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Siriporn Mikum
Thanyaporn Boonyoung


This research aims to 1) develop a learning model for programming using collaborative pair programming techniques to enhance learning achievement of undergraduate students, 2) compare the  learning achievement of using the learning model before and after utilizing the collaborative pair programming techniques, and 3) analyze the students’ satisfaction with the learning model using collaborative pair programming techniques developed.

The samples used in the study were the undergraduate students, who enrolled in the computer education curriculum (5 years). The research tools were 1) the learning achievement pre- and post-test forms, and 2) the student satisfaction survey form for learning using collaborative pair programming technique.  The data received were analyzed using T-test dependent.

The results of the research found that 1) the learning model using the collaborative pair programming technique consisted of 7 steps as follows: 1. Pre-Programming 2. Program Analysis 3.  Program Design 4. Program Coding 5. Program Testing 6. Switching, and 7. Reflection Ideas. This technique influenced the respondents’ achievement with the mean value of  = 3.68 at high level. 2) The results of the learning achievement before and after the learning using collaborative pair programming technique found that the mean score of the respondents after the learning was higher ( gif.latex?\bar{x} = 44.03, SD. = 34.13) than the conventional learning method ( gif.latex?\bar{x} = 14.07, SD. = 22.51) with statistically significant difference at .05 levels (p <0.05).  3)   The result of the respondents’ overall satisfaction was (  = 3.68) which was at high level.  After taking into account every factor, the factor that received the highest scores was that the respondents accepted their friends' programming guidelines with the mean value of 4.01, which was a high level of satisfaction.

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