Maternal Genetic History of Tai Lue People in Ban Van, Chiang Kham District, Phayao Province


  • Pimchanok Puthon Yupparaj Wittayalai School, Thailand
  • Naris Srisawang Lanna Tai Art and Culture Center, Innovation and Technology Transfer Institute, University of Phayao, Thailand
  • Rattanasak Wongkomolched Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
  • Wittaya Pheera Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
  • Tanapon Seetaraso Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
  • Maneesawan Dansawan Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
  • Suwapat Sathupak Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
  • Jatupol Kampuansai Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Thailand



Tai Lue, Mitochondrial DNA, Genetic structure, Founder effect, Phayao province


Tai Lue people in Ban Van are one of the culturally unique ethnic groups of Chiang Kham District, Phayao Province. According to historical data, the original homeland of this ethnic group was in Xishuangbanna, southern China. They then migrated into northern Thailand in the last few hundred years. The aim of this study was to analyze the lineage and genetic structure of the Tai Lue in Ban Van by using hypervariable region 1 of mitochondrial DNA as a genetic marker. The results showed that most of the maternal lineages of Tai Lue in Ban Van were descended along with the other Tai Lue people in northern Thailand and Dai ethnic group in Xishuangbanna. They exhibited closely genetic relatedness to the Tai Lue people in Nong Bua village, Pua District, Nan Province, which is consistent with the history mentioned in their community. However, some of mitochondrial DNA lineages used to be found in other ethnic groups of different linguistic family, and some were unique to Ban Van. This indicates a genetic admixture that may have occurred during the Tai Lue migration period. This study also found that the founder impact was the main factor shaping the genetic differences between the Tai Lue people in each region of northern Thailand and drive genetic differentiation from their Xishuangbanna Dai ancestor.


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How to Cite

Puthon, P., Srisawang, N., Wongkomolched, R., Pheera, W., Seetaraso, T., Dansawan, M., Sathupak, S., & Kampuansai, J. . (2022). Maternal Genetic History of Tai Lue People in Ban Van, Chiang Kham District, Phayao Province. Community and Social Development Journal, 23(2), 85–102.



บทความวิจัย (RESEARCH ARTICLE)