A Comparative Study of Promoting Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) under the of Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) in Thailand, Japan, and Canada


  • Kittisak Manopattanakron Ph.D. student, Faculty of Education, Kasetsart University, Thailand
  • Pattamaporn Pimthong Department of Education, Faculty of Education, Kasetsart University, Thailand
  • Pongprapan Pongsophon Department of Education, Faculty of Education, Kasetsart University, Thailand




Comparative study, Education for sustainable development


This comparative study aims to conduct the comparative study on Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) under Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) between Thailand, Japan, and Canada. This research is a qualitative research includes report on the educational management of government and documentary research. Data was analyzed using content analysis within the framework of Sustainable Development Goals 4 (SDG 4) of UNESCO.

          The findings are as follows: both Thailand, Japan, and Canada have implemented SDG 4, but the results vary depending on the context of each country. In Japan and Canada provide equitable quality education according to Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) while in Thailand still faces the problem of inequality including the quality of educational institutions, access to educational opportunities, promoting and supporting quality education for all learners, which affects the success of the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 4.


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How to Cite

Manopattanakron, K., Pimthong, P., & Pongsophon , P. (2022). A Comparative Study of Promoting Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) under the of Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) in Thailand, Japan, and Canada. Community and Social Development Journal, 23(2), 65–84. https://doi.org/10.14456/rcmrj.2022.256283



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