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Suebsakul Narintarangkul-Na-Ayudhaya
Shunnawat Pungbangkradee


This research applied mixed method research methodology. The objectives of this research were 1) to study the current and desirable states of area-based teacher development: a case study of Bangkok Metropolis and surrounding areas; and 2) to develop the area-based teacher development paradigm, model and mechanism. The informants were divided into 3 groups:      The first group consisted of 49 informants from teacher training Institutions.  The second group consisted of 249 informants from schools.  The third group consisted of 17 informants who were experts and stakeholders.  There were five data collecting instruments as follows: 1) a form for collecting data form teacher training institutions,   2) a form for collecting data from schools, 3) a questionnaire for teacher training institutions, 4) a questionnaire for schools, and 5) an evaluation form to assess appropriateness and feasibility of the drafted paradigm, model and mechanism of area-based teacher development. The statistics used in data analysis were the frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, content analysis, and PNImodified.

The research revealed that current state of the teacher development paradigm was               a traditional paradigm while the desirable state was a new paradigm. The current state of teacher development model was offline - off the job training, while the desirable state was offline - on the job training. The current state of teacher development mechanism was organization mechanism, while the desirable state was network mechanism. Thus, the finding on area based teacher development paradigm was Teacher Competencies and Quality from within Enablement towards Learner’s Outcome in accordance with the needs of Community and Industrial Sectors The model for area-based teacher development was Blended Offline to Online and Co-Research Action Learning, and the mechanism was Five-Party Network of School, University, Private Sector, Local Communities and Provincial Education Authority.


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Narintarangkul-Na-Ayudhaya, S., & Pungbangkradee, S. (2020). PARADIGMS MODELS AND MECHANISMS FOR AREA BASED TEACHER DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF BANGKOK METROPOLITANT AREA . Panyapiwat Journal, 12(1), 247-266. Retrieved from
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