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Ronnakrit Settadalee
Tanan Kuntasa
Nitsakarn Piyanit
Kittisak Makkawan


Shipping ports are a vital component of the import-export economy, including the value-added utility of space at ports. This study applies the optimize performance dimension for berthing arrangement in Thailand main port model. To analyses the structural relationship between the loading factors and berthing arrangements of latent variables including ships, ship owners and shipping lines, the government sector, and customers, by 16 indicators of TEN SEM fit indexes for sample size as well as 160 samples. This study uses 190 samples for path analysis, structural equation modeling, and 2 validity tests (convergent validity and discriminant validity) were utilized. Moreover, loading validity and reliability loading were examined using Cronbach’s Alpha of the ADANCO Program. The results revealed not only the effects of internal matters from terminal operators, but also from customers (0.439), the government sector (0.329), ships, ship owners and shipping lines (0.146). Latent variables were found to have directly affected berthing. In addition, the indicator results displayed priority guidelines for solutions to berthing problems as well as optimizing berthing performance.


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