QUALITATIVE APPROACHES USED IN ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES RESEARCH: A TREND ANALYSIS
Keywords:Trend Analysis, Qualitative Approaches, English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Research
This study primarily investigates the holistic trends of research methods and how qualitative approaches were used in English for Specific Purposes (ESP) research. The data employed in this study were 24 empirical research articles published in English for Specific Purposes journal (ESPj) from 2001 to 2019. The data analysis was divided into two phases. At the first phase, researchers appointed the period of publication as two timeframes: 2001-2014 and 2015-2019 to explore the trends holistically. All 24 research articles were then categorized into timeframe of publication in order to analyze research method by focusing on frequency. After that, they were compared and contrasted between both timeframes, together with previous studies. It was found that of 24, 12 articles are qualitative research, 8 articles are qualitative/quantitative or mixed methods research and 4 articles primarily are quantitative research. At the second phase, only 5 qualitative research articles published from 2015 to 2019 were further investigated in details and tallied since there has been no study found reporting ESP research trends in the mentioned period. Based on Creswell (2003) and Dressen-Hammouda (2013)’s definitions of research methods, the findings revealed that the ethnographic methods were overwhelmingly used and needs analysis was the research focus in most research articles.
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